The concept of Innovation - transformation of ideas into products or services - is gathering greater attention throughout the world, especially in the Asia-Pacific region by the policy-makers and SMEs. There has been wider recognition that innovation enables countries to successfully participate in and benefit from the process of globalization (market, technology, economy, etc.) and the emerging era of knowledge-based economy. National systems that facilitate, nurture and promote innovation also contribute to the sustainable economic growth and entrepreneurship.
Asia-Pacific countries are at various stages of conceptualization, development and deployment of National Innovation Systems (NIS). Some countries such as Japan and the Republic of Korea have already put in place, a systemic approach to NIS, while some others such as China and India are in the process of developing, testing and adopting their own NIS. Most of the member countries, however, face certain difficulties to appreciate, develop and adopt NIS as there is no single accepted definition to NIS. The premise of any NIS is that understanding of the elements and linkages among various actors is important for the development and exploitation of new technologies. The major elements of NIS are:
i) promotion of national strategic R&D;
ii) manpower development;
iii) creation of linkages between government supported research institutions, academia and industry;
iv) commercialization of R&D results;
v) promotion of venture business;
vi) establishment of technology/incubation parks and business clusters;
vii) science and technology awareness;
viii) promotion of women entrepreneurship; and
ix) creation of a sound S&T infrastructure. The NIS key-actors are enterprises, R&D institutions and universities who produce, distribute and apply various kinds of knowledge. Relationship/linkages among these actors could be in the form of joint research, cross patenting, collaborative partnership, personnel exchanges and in a variety of other forms.
Promotion of NIS in Asia-Pacific Countries
APCTT has received funds from the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India to implement the project entitled "Promotion of National Innovation Systems (NIS) in Countries of the Asia Pacific Region". This project was designed to enhance awareness of policy-makers on the relevance and importance of NIS, and to build their capacity in developing policy frameworks that enable the key actors such as industries, R&D institutions and universities to adopt and participate in such a system. As part of the implementation, APCTT provided advisory services and organized expert group meetings for senior policy makers and national workshops for key actors in the innovation system.
On-line NIS Resource Centre
To provide access to valuable information that was accumulated during implementation of various activities of the NIS project, APCTT has developed this web-based Resource Centre. This we hope would contribute in catalyzing our efforts to promote NIS in Asia-Pacific countries. The Resource Centre includes recommendations and presentations made by resource speakers and national experts at the NIS Forum and various national workshops. An internet desk study entitled "NIS in India - a case study" was carried out as a pilot-cum-demo version for other target countries to carry out similar studies. The desk study contains web-resources on existing national policies and support systems of the Government of India. Relevant on-line information resources were also identified during the implementation of the project concerning a) general aspects of innovation, innovation systems, and innovation management and b) policy measures and institutional mechanisms of the NIS in Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand and View-Nam. Users may kindly note that the information and web-links provided in this Resource Centre are neither exhaustive nor complete.
APCTT wishes to acknowledge with gratitude the financial support received from the Government of India through its Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) of the Ministry of Science and Technology for funding the National Innovation System (NIS) project, including the development of this NIS On-line Resource Centre. We are also grateful to - Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam.- the participating countries of this project, for their active cooperation in implementing the planned activities. APCTT looks forward to their continued cooperation and active involvement in developing and maintaining country-specific contents at this website.
Mr. N. Srinivasan, the NIS Project Officer at APCTT, provided core support in managing the project and implementing the planned activities. Ms. Uma Rao of APCTT assisted him in implementing the planned activities. Dr. Vinay Kumar, as a consultant, developed the contents for the 'NIS - A Case of India' section of this website. The Centre acknowledges his contribution and views in designing this website. Mr. Roberto Bigotti, from the University of Bocconi, Milan, Italy; Mr. Dario Morini from the Universita Commerciale "Luigi Bocconi", Milan, Italy; and Mr. Matteo Chinnazzi from the University of Bocconi, during their brief stints as Interns at the Centre during the year 2006-2007, contributed in developing contents for the section 'Web Resources', and compiled information from the NIS workshop materials for the 'Workshops and Seminars' section of this website. Ms. Sumi Cho from the Graduate Institution of Peace Studies, Kyung Hee University, the Republic of Korea, assisted in redesigning the website and organizing second phase programmes of NIS as an intern in 2014. Mr Shane Hickey from Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, assisted in content preparation and organisation as an intern in 2014. The Centre acknowledges their assistance and contributions.