Asia-Pacific National Innovation Systems
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Case Human Resource Development


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Human Resource Development

Human resource is perhaps the most important asset for enhancing innovation in any organization. A few important programmes in this direction are given below:

Scheme for Manpower Development and Promotion
The DST is supporting a number of programmes for S&T development and promotion. These include special programmes for Young Scientists, Fellowships, and assistance for participation in international conferences, contact programmes and others.

Fund for Improvement of S&T Infrastructure (FIST)
The DST provides financial support to all Universities and Colleges for creating basic infrastructure and enabling facilities for promoting high quality teaching and R&D in new emerging areas. Under the scheme, support is given for acquiring latest equipment to carry out R&D in thrust areas, renovating laboratories for better post graduate teaching and research, setting up computer laboratories for computational facilities, for accessing internet and acquiring books and journals. Areas covered are Life sciences, Physical sciences, Chemical sciences, Engineering sciences, Earth and Atmospheric sciences and Metallurgical sciences.

Sophisticated Analytical Instruments Facilities (SAIF)
DST assist in setting up facilities of sophisticated analytical instruments in selected research institutes and universities who do not have access to such instruments to enable them to pursue R&D activities.

Technology and Innovation Management Programme
This is a very unique programme operated by the DSIR. The main objective of the programme is to provide technical inputs and support mechanism for efficient management of innovation and technology. It is a very broad based programme covering activities such as spreading greater awareness and understanding of technology and innovation management issues, its need and importance in the current competitive environment through development of course modules, organizing awareness programmes, focused training programmes, seminars and management development programmes and rendering guidance to trainers. Research studies on technology and innovation management issues, technology audit studies, case studies and others are taken up. The beneficiaries are industry, R&D organizations, academic institutions, consultants, decision makers in Government, financial institutions, SMEs and others.

Design Clinics and Awareness Programme
The objectives of the programme supported by the DSIR are: to develop understanding of the design process in SMEs so as to enable them to utilize design as a strategic business tool; to enable participants to evolve their own strategies for undertaking industrial design activities; and to provide necessary design support for product design and development so as to enable SMEs to face the challenges of the fiercely competitive markets.

Universities/Institutes for Human Resource Development
As a result of efforts of Department of Secondary and Higher Education, today there are a large number of Universities/ Institutions who offer courses at different levels to meet the varying needs of industry and R&D organizations. There are vocational courses in 32 engineering and 22 non-engineering trades. To cater to the requirements of supervisory positions in industry, there are 291 polytechnics (in addition there are around 1250 AICTE recognized polytechnics), which offer courses of 3 years duration. There are 12 Women Polytechnics, which offer courses of special interest to, and with employment potential for women. Degree level courses for professional engineers and technologists are available at 141 engineering colleges (in addition there are around 1350 AICTE recognized colleges). There are 65 institutions (in addition there are around 50 AICTE recognized institutions), which offer higher-level academic qualifications in engineering and technology. To cater to the requirements of management personnel, there are a number of institutions, which offer courses in management education.

Mission Reach Programme
Technology Information, Forecasting & Assessment Council (TIFAC) operates this scheme. Mission REACH (Relevance and Excellence in Achieving new heights in educational institutions) aims to bring about an architectural change in India’s technical and scientific higher education system. It seeks to empower the Indian youth through technical courses that can in turn empower the nation and its industries to become global force. Twenty-six Centers of Relevance and Excellence (COREs) have been set up with support from TIFAC as partnerships between academia and industry in areas of high relevance and immediate industry importance. Each of these is mandated to realize excellence in a very focused area that interests the partnering industries. Areas like, Aircraft Maintenance, Interventional Radiology, Environmental Geomatics, Cyber Security etc. have been taken up.

Efforts of other Ministries/Departments/Organizations
Department of Biotechnology
The Department operates an integrated programme of human resource development in biotechnology to generate adequate and appropriate manpower required for development of biotechnology. It supports fellowships, scholarships, participation in seminars and other such activities.

Department of Information Technology
The Department supports a number of programmes for enhancing skills in the IT sector. A few programmes include training of teachers in e-learning, cyber security/information security, VLSI design and related software. It also gives scholarships to students from weaker sectors of the society and female students to learn computer operations.

Ministry of Food Processing Industries
The Ministry is proposing to set up a National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management. The basic objective of the Institute would be to train food technologists to world class level, develop entrepreneurs and managers in food industry, provide business incubator services, undertake research and provide training. The Ministry is operating a Scheme – ‘Scheme for Human Resource Development in Food Processing Industry (FPI)’. It has 4 components (a) person power development in rural areas (b) entrepreneurship development (c) creation of infrastructure facilities in existing institutions and (d) support to training programmes. With speedy growth of FPI, the industry would continuously require trained and upgraded manpower. To meet this requirement, to manage, innovate and build FPI sector, this Scheme is very useful

Department of Agricultural Research and Education
There is a very strong agricultural education system in the country. It consists of one central agricultural university, 31 state agricultural universities and four national universities of Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

All India Council for Technical Education
The Council has a large number of programmes for faculty up gradation as well as infrastructure facilities in engineering and management institutes/colleges. A few examples are: Quality improvement programme (QIP); Early Faculty Induction Programme (EFIP); Faculty Development Programmes; Emeritus Fellowship; Visiting Professorship; Career Award Scheme; Scheme of Seminars, Symposia & Workshops; International Travel Grants; Distinguished Visiting Professorship Scheme; National Doctoral Fellowship, Research Promotion Scheme, Modernization and Removal of Obsolescence (MODROB) Scheme and others.

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