Asia-Pacific National Innovation Systems
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Measures By Selected Government Supported Institutions


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Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
The CSIR is the premier industrial R&D organization in the country. It was set up in 1942. It is an autonomous body supported by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR). Today the CSIR is recognized as one of the world’s largest publicly funded R&D organization having linkages to academics, R&D organizations and industry. It has 38 laboratories and 47 regional centers. It undertakes research in various areas like Physical, Chemical, Biological, Engineering and Information sciences. In order to promote technology innovation in industry, it has instituted several awards and fellowships. It also operates a very innovative scheme – New Millennium Indian Technology Leadership Initiative (NMITLI)

Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC)
Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) has been founded and supported by the Department of Science and Technology. Its main objectives are identifying priorities and strategies for research, technology development and technology import; setting up suitable information collection, analysis and implementation groups; and carrying out promotional activities, including programmes for research and technology development. Its major activities have been:

  • Undertaking Technology Forecasting, Technology Assessment and Technology Vision studies
  • It operates a Patent Facilitating Center (PFC). It organizes patent awareness workshops,brings out publications, files patent applications on behalf of research organizations etc.
  • It operates Technopreneur Promotion Programme jointly with Department of Scientific and Industrial Research
  • It operates Home Grown Technology (HGT) activity, which supports industry to achieve competitive strength through technological innovation.
  • It implements technology up gradation programme in certain specified areas in Mission Mode
  • It had taken up the task of preparing a Technology Vision for India for 2020. Seventeen sectors were identified for Technology Vision 2020 under the broad categories of (a) technologies with socio-economic implications (b) major infrastructures and (c) advanced technologies
  • It runs a Programme – REACH (Relevance & Excellence in Achieving new heights in educational institutions), the objective of which is to upgrade academic &research infrastructure in academic institutions in India by establishing Centers of Relevance &Excellence (COREs) in specified target areas.
  • Under the Umbrella Scheme on Technology Vision 2020, projects in six sectors have been taken up for implementation in Mission Mode. These sectors are (i) Agriculture and Agro Food Processing (ii) Road construction and transportation equipment (iii)up gradation of textile machinery/industry (iv) Health care services and herbal/natural products (v) up gradation of science,engineering,technical and professional instructions relevant to industries and (vi)targeted programmes in other important areas.

National Research Development Corporation (NRDC)
It is a public sector organization with the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research. It has a large number of activities. It provides comprehensive technology transfer services and acts, as a catalyst for transforming innovative research into marketable industrial products. It is the only public sector enterprise wholly dedicated to transfer of technologies from R&D laboratories to industry. Its invention promotion programme attempts to harness the creative talent of scientific and other personnel, through the following range of activities:

  • Award to meritorious innovations
  • Assistance for patenting inventive ideas from R&D organizations, universities and others,both in India and abroad
  • Assistance to inventors to commercialise their patented innovations
  • Helps in identifying, commercializing and demonstrating selected rural technologies.

National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC)

NSIC a public sector enterprise with the Ministry of Small Scale Industries provides technical support to small-scale units through 'NSIC Technical Services Centers' and a number of extension and sub centers spread across the country. The range of technical services provided through these centers include training in hi-tech as well as conventional trades, testing, common facilities, toolkits, energy audit, environment management etc.

In addition to this, access to latest information in connection with technology up gradation and its transfer is provided to small-scale units through the 'Technology Transfer Center' at New Delhi.

All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
This Council was established in 1988 with a view to proper planning and coordinated development of technical education system throughout the country, the promotion of qualitative improvement of such education in relation to planned quantitative growth and the regulation and proper maintenance of norms and standards in the technical education system and for matters connected therewith. This is an autonomous body with the Department of Secondary and Higher Education It grants recognition to privately run technical as well as management colleges/institutions. It has a number of programmes for up gradation of faculty as well as up gradation of infrastructure facilities in engineering and management colleges

Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)
The main responsibility of the Bank is to develop a strong, vibrant and responsible small-scale sector. It alongside finance provides appropriate support in the form of promotional and developmental services. It has a technology up gradation and modernization programme for the sector, which covers attaining significant improvements by the units in quality, productivity, cost reduction, energy savings and reduction in pollution. Innovation plays a very important role in achievement of these objectives. SIDBI also operates a Venture Capital Scheme for providing finance to existing small-scale units for technology modernization and up gradation.
The SIDBI and the APCTT have taken a joint initiative in establishing a Technology Bureau for Small Enterprises (TBSE) – . It provides a platform where small enterprises can tap opportunities at the global level for acquisition of technology or establishing business collaborations.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
It has vast network of Institutes National Research Centers and other bodies. It acts as a repository of information and provides consultancy in agriculture, horticulture, resource management, animal sciences, agricultural engineering fisheries, agricultural extensions, agricultural education and agricultural communication. A few major activities recently taken up are:
It has taken up a National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP), which focuses on innovation in agricultural technology. It is a US $ 250 million (Rs. 1170 crores) project supported by the World Bank. Through the Project, it is intended to achieve growth of agriculture through collaborative development and application of agricultural innovations by organizations in partnership with farmer’s groups, the private sector and other stakeholders. It is an externally funded project with out-of-the-box ideas and it would help in making Indian agriculture, a profitable venture. Some of the innovative approaches include research on production to consumption system, focus on disadvantaged districts, strengthening basic and strategic research and enhancing institutional skills in business development and Intellectual Property Rights management.
Establishment of a National Fund for strengthening basic and strategic research in agricultural sciences.
Undertaking strategic research in priority areas initiated on network mode.

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)
The Council is the apex body for formulation, coordination and promotion of biomedical research in India. Its activities comprise of developing strategies for medical research programmes and operationalisation of these research programmes through grant-in-aid to research institutes, medical colleges and universities. It has 22 Institutes and 6 Centers for research in various areas of medical sciences.

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