Asia-Pacific National Innovation Systems
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National Workshop on Linkages and Partnerships among
Enterprises, R&D Institutions and Academia/Universities to Foster
Innovation and Transfer of Technology

22-23 December 2010
Hanoi, Viet Nam

Organized by
Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT) of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), New Delhi, India

in cooperation with and hosted by
National Agency for Science and Technology Information (NASATI), Vietnam Centre for Technology Information Exchange, Government of Viet Nam

Supported by the
Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR)
Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India

Brief Report
Co-organizer
Viet Nam Centre for Technology Information Exchange, National Agency for Science and Technology Information (NASATI), Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of Viet Nam.

Background
Assisting members and associate members of ESCAP through strengthening their capabilities to develop and manage national innovation systems is an objective of APCTT-ESCAP, as stated in its statute. In accordance with this objective, APCTT-ESCAP successfully implemented a project to promote national innovation systems (NIS) in countries of the Asia-Pacific region during 2005-2007, with funds received from the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India. (Outputs of the project could be accessed from the Asia-Pacific On-line Resource Centre on NIS at www.apctt.org/nis.)

A second phase of the project (2010-2013) commenced in July 2010, again with funding from the Government of India. This phase was intended to go beyond awareness creation and sharing best practices, and to focus on key components, implementation strategies and management practices of national innovation systems and their organic linkages with sub-national and sectoral innovation systems. A key feature of the second phase was the involvement of several countries of special needs (CSN) including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Laos People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar and Nepal.

The second Asia-Pacific Forum on NIS for High-Level Policy-makers held in November 2010 in Jakarta, Indonesia, focused on the delineation of key components of NIS and strengthening of governance of NIS in Asia-Pacific countries. Policy-makers from China, India, Indonesia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Mongolia, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam participated in the Forum. The participants presented the strengths and key challenges of the NIS key components relevant to them. A series of national workshops was planned to follow the Forum, focusing on best practices and strengthening of the NIS components identified by each host country.

In the meanwhile, APCTT-ESCAP was requested by the Viet Nam Centre for Technology Information Exchange of NASATI to organize a national workshop on linkages and partnerships among enterprises, R&D Institutions and Academia/Universities to foster innovation and technology transfer. Organized in response to that request, the Viet Nam workshop aimed to share knowledge, experiences and best practices in the following focus areas that contribute to strengthening of linkages and partnerships among enterprises, R&D Institutions and Academia/Universities to foster innovation and technology transfer.

  • Key components of NIS;
  • Policy- and market-driven linkages and partnerships among key actors of NIS – best practices;
  • Commercialization of public R&D outputs – best practices; and
  • Evaluation of technology and acquisition capabilities of SMEs.

Resource persons from APCTT-ESCAP and invited experts were to make presentations on identified issues on the above four areas.

Objectives
The Viet Nam workshop on Linkages and Partnerships among Enterprises, R&D Institutions and Academia/Universities to Foster Innovation and Transfer of Technology was organized to share knowledge, experiences and best practices in the following focus areas that contribute to the strengthening of a National Innovation System (NIS):

  • The key components of an NIS;
  • Policy- and market-driven linkages and partnerships among key actors of an NIS – best practices;
  • Commercialization of public R&D outputs – best practices; and
  • Evaluation of the technology and acquisition capabilities of small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

Major Outputs
At the Inaugural Session, the Director General of the National Agency for Science and Technology Information (NASATI), Government of Viet Nam, delivered the opening address after the welcome address by the APCTT-ESCAP representative.

Participants of the workshop were introduced to the components of an NIS and the structuring of an NIS to foster linkages and partnerships among research and development (R&D) institutions, academia and SMEs.

The resource persons from China shared information and experiences regarding major national policies of China for promoting and facilitating linkages and partnerships among R&D institutions, academia and SMEs. The long-term experience of the Republic of Korea in the area of development and management of technology incubators was shared by the resource person from that country, while the salient features of the national funding programmes of India for nurturing partnerships among SMEs and R&D institutions were presented by the resource person from India.

Under the theme of ‘Commercialization of public R&D outputs’, the two resource persons shared some best practices in their respective countries with respect to national policies, support mechanisms, challenges and opportunities in the commercialization of public R&D outputs.

Important aspects related to the strengthening of SME capabilities for acquiring technology were presented and a second resource person from India discussed critical issues related to the management of intellectual property rights (IPRs) by SMEs.

See Annex I for the programme and presentations.

Conclusions and Recommendations
The workshop recognized the role that technology parks and business incubators can play in establishing linkages and partnerships among enterprises, R&D institutions and academia in fostering innovation and the transfer of technology.

Policy approaches along with the development of hi-tech parks, technology business incubators and specialized industrial bases (clusters) by the Government of China have resulted in building a foundation upon which further initiatives can be launched by the country to meet future global challenges in technology innovation. Similarly, the Indian approach in supporting SMEs to strengthen their technology transfer and innovation capacities has led to positive outcomes. These best practices may be of value to Viet Nam, provided their relevance is examined critically and they are suitably adapted as needed.

The new growth strategy – low emission and green growth – of the Government of the Republic of Korea in three industrial sectors and its financing mechanism through public-private partnership at various stages of commercialization of R&D and the associate infrastructure programme were found to be a new approach in realizing the outcome of NIS, with important lessons for the Asia-Pacific region.

It was pointed out by the participants that before developing new initiatives, a critical review of existing programmes in the country need to be examined and the lessons learnt must be integrated into the new S&T Strategy 2020, that is currently under development by the Government of Viet Nam, for fostering innovation and transfer of technology.

The Government of Viet Nam has to identify the specific roles of Government and the private sector in R&D in its future science and technology (S&T) strategy. It is also important to strengthen SME capacity in establishing linkages and partnerships as well as to develop human resources for implementing the new S&T strategy of the Government of Viet Nam.

Participants
Eight resource persons from China, India, Republic of Korea and APCTT-ESCAP provided their expertise to the workshop.

From various national and provincial government departments, agencies, R&D institutions, academia and media in Viet Nam, 103 participants attended the workshop.

See Annex II for the list of participants.