Asia-Pacific National Innovation Systems
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Promotion of NIS - India

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Consultative Meeting on National Innovation Systems of India

Overview
Date and Venue
19-20 September 2006, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi, India

Organizers
Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT)
Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR, Government of India; Consultancy Development Centre (CDC), New Delhi, India; and National Research and Development Corporation, New Delhi, India

Brief Profile of Participants
2 international experts
14 national experts
50 participants from NIS Stakeholders

Addresses Delivered during the Inaugural Session
Homi Bhaba Chair Professor, Department of Atomic Energy and Former Secretary, DST,
Government of India Director,
Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology, New Delhi

Keynote Speeches by International Experts
Transforming CSIR to Council for Scientific and Innovative Research Innovation Systems for R&D in Genomic - Dr. S.K. Brahmachari, Director, Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology, New Delhi

More than 50 participants from ministries and departments of the Government of India, affiliated institutions, autonomous bodies, academia, R&D institutions and industry attended the meeting. The meeting discussed issues such as: NIS Practices in Selected Countries; NIS Policy Framework and Support Mechanisms in India; and Government-Academia, R&D Institutions and Industry Linkages. A number of recommendations were made during this meeting based on addresses at the inaugural session, presentations by speakers and discussions during the meeting. Some of the recommendations would be implemented by APCTT in the proposed second phase of the project on Promotion of National Innovation Systems in the Asia Pacific Region.

Details of the Technical Sessions
Technical Session I
NISPractices in Select Countries
Korean National Innovation System - Dr. Kyong-Jae Lee, Korea Institute of S&T Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP), Seoul, Korea
View Presentation

Indigenous Innovation: A Major Policy Change in China S&T - Dr. Wang Qiming, Counsellor, Science and Technology, Embassy of the People’s Republic of China.

NIS – A Case of India for the Web-based NIS Resource Centre - Dr. Vinay Kumar, Consultant, APCTT
View Presentation

Technical Session II
Special Lecture and NIS Policy Framework and Support Mechanisms in India
On the Shape of Innovation in Developing Countries - Mr. Ahmad Fahmi, UNESCO, Delhi
Policy and Support Mechanism - Mr. V. Chandrasekaran, Executive Director, Small
Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), Mumbai

National Innovation System: Policy Measures and Support Mechanisms of the Government of India, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) - Mr. B.G. Sunder Singh, Scientist F, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Government of India
View Presentation

Technical Session III
Special Lectures and NIS Policy Framework and Support Mechanisms in India and Germany
NIS Practices in Germany - Dr. A. Moneim Issa, International Relations, RKW, Eschborn, Germany
View Presentation

Presentation on IT in India - Dr. A.K. Chakravarti, Advisor and Group Coordinator, Department of Information Technology, Government of India

NIS Linkages: A Policy Perspective - Dr. Niraj Kumar, National Project Head, Centre for International Trade in Technology, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi
View Presentation

Technology Bureau for Small Enterprises: A Joint Initiative of SIDBI and APCTT -
Mr. Dharm Prakash, Head Technology Bureau for Small Enterprises (TBSE), New Delhi

Presentation on the Indian Power Sector
- Mr. Alok Kumar,Director, Ministry of Power, Government of India

Technical Session IV
Government-Academia-R&D Institutions-Industry Linkages in NIS
Innovation through Partnership - Dr. Amit Biswas, Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL), Mumbai
Innovation Clusters and Science Parks as Contributors to NIS - Ms. Deepanwita Chattopadhyay, CEO, ICICI Knowledge Park, Hyderabad
Government-Academia-R&D Institutions-Industry Linkages in NIS: A Case Study of BITS, Pilani - Dr. B.R. Natarajan, Dean, Distance Learning Programme Division, Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
Effective Development of National Innovation System – A Few Roadblocks and Remedial Measures - Dr. A.K. Agarwal, CEO, Autometers Alliance Ltd., New Delhi
National Innovation System of India - Prof. Akhilesh Kumar, Management Development Institute, Gurgaon

Recommendations Arising out of the Technical Sessions
The following recommendations/suggestions were made at the Consultative Meeting:

  • Innovation is key to national economic development
  • Countries should evolve systematic approach to innovation
  • Innovation in young minds should not be curtailed
  • Creativity and innovativeness should be the core focus of educational system
  • Government has important role to play in enhancing innovation in the country
  • Innovation is a risky business but not innovating is riskier
  • Gap between innovation and entrepreneur should be bridged.
  • Growth of innovation is also influenced by the economic system
  • Innovation system is relevant to time and should be continuously changed.
  • Innovation must create wealth and generate employment
  • Test of innovation’s success is market
  • Innovation clusters are important
  • Shortage of technology managers
  • SMEs with innovative ideas should be provided support.
  • Human resource is a very important resource in innovation
  • APCTT’s on-line NIS Resource Center including Case of India’s NIS is very useful
  • The Resource Center should continuously be updated
  • Meets as this, to disseminate information on NIS may be held in other cities of India and abroad
  • Studies on Innovation systems at unit level in manufacturing, R&D laboratories and technical institutes may be carried out in India and other countries and widely disseminated. Guidelines for developing unit level innovation systems should also be prepared.
  • A Guidebook for developing NIS may be brought out along with NIS of a few countries including industrially advanced countries.
  • All Government schemes on S&T may be consolidated
  • Anomalies in the tax structure may be removed

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