Asia-Pacific National Innovation Systems
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Promotion of NIS - Indonesia

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Overview

Date and Venue
19-20 July 2006, Crowne Plaza Hotel, Jakarta, Indonesia

Organizers
Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT), New Delhi, India
Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Jakarta, Indonesia

Brief Profile of Participants
4 international experts
24 national experts
More than 200 participants from NIS Stakeholders

Addresses Delivered during the Inaugural Session
Minister of Industry, Government of Indonesia
State Minister for Research and Technology of the Government of Indonesia
State Minister for National Development Planning of the Government of Indonesia/Chairman of National Planning Board.

Keynote and Guest Speeches by International Experts
Managing Technology Policy and Planning for Economic Development in Developing Countries - Prof. Nawaz Sharif, University of Maryland University College (UMUC), USA.
View White Paper | View Presentation

Public Policy to Enhance the Capacity for Industrial Innovations in Developing Countries-
Prof. Sunil Mani, Center for Development Studies, Kerala, India.
View White Paper

Institutional Setting of Triple Helix (industry-R&D institutions-University) Cooperation for Effective Technology Transfer in some Asia and Pacific Countries - Mr. Subrata Banerjee, DSIR, India.
View White Paper | Synopsis | View Presentation

Technology Investment Dynamics in Indonesia: Past Reality and Possible Scenario in the Future Not in English - Prof
. Dr. Erman Aminullah, Kepala Pappiptek, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI).

More than 200 participants from the government, R&D institutions and academia participated in the seminar that was held on 19 and 20 July 2006 in Jakarta, Indonesia. The three parallel sessions were held on the following subjects: Public Policy in Industrial Innovation, Science and Technology Studies and Innovation Technology-based Industry Development. During these sessions, national experts presented 22 papers and APCTT presented a paper on National Innovation System Policy Framework: Concept, Elements, Development and Implementation. At the panel session, the expert from USA delivered a special lecture on how to implement and manage NIS with examples, highlighting how challenges were addressed and opportunities exploited by other countries in the Asia-Pacific region at various phases of national development. He also dealt with the subject, Influence of Culture on Science and Technology raised by several participants during the deliberations at the seminar. The recommendations of the seminar were also presented, discussed and adopted. The proceedings of the seminar were in Bahasa, the Indonesian language, except for presentations by experts invited by APCTT and APCTT’s own presentation. The Centre for Innovation, LIPI, agreed to send APCTT, the English version of the recommendations adopted at the seminar. CD-based electronic versions of presentations made during the seminar were provided to the participants of the workshop.

Details of the Technical Sessions
Technical Session I
Public Policy in Industrial Innovation

National Innovation System Policy Framework: Concept, Elements, Development and Implementation - Mr. N. Srinivasan, APCTT
View Presentation
Alternative Policy in the Development of Technology Policy Not in English- Dr. Ir.Maruhum Batubara, MPA, Bappenas.

Dual Strategy Development of TIK National Industrial Capacity Not in English-
Dr. Tatang A. Taufik, BPPT

National Industry Condition Post Multi 1997 Dimensional Crisis Related to Planning of National Nuclear Power Plant Program Not in English - Ir. Priyanto Mudo, Joyosukarta

The Role of National Research Council (DRN) in the Development of National Innovation System Not in English - Dr. Tusy A. Adibroto, National Research Council (DRN) Secretary

Government intervention in supporting the enhancement of innovation activities: case automotive component industry Not in English - Erry Ricardo Nurzal, Pudji Hastuti, BPPT

Measuring Nation’s Flexibility in Developing Technology-based Industry: A real option analysis (ROA) approach - Febransyah & J. Bely Utarja, Prasetya Hulia Business School

Enhancement of the role of Researcher in Development of S&T based industry Not in English -Dr. Nurul Taufiqu Rohman and
Dr. Anung Jusnowo, Pusat Penelitian Fisika, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Technical Session II
Socio-technological innovation studies (STS)

Education innovation technology in the form of flexible learning model at university and implementation of education concept as an industry Not in English - Dr. Wahid Munawar
Link and match, management between university and industry from knowledge networks perspective Not in English - P Siregar and F. Wantah et al, TTB R&D management in university in attempts to become research university Not in English
Ir. Dudi Hidayat Pappiptek, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) Constructivistic approach in technology policy analysis: A review and social learning perspective Not in English- Dr. Sonny Yuliar, ITB Technological intermediation in innovation system, case of innovation adoption of ISZPPI Not in English - Dr. Hadiat, MA, Bappenas

Obstacles in building innovation from R&D results Not in English - Titik Nurihidayah, UNIBRAW

Local factor which affect technological innovation. Based on research conducting in food and wood processing industries located in east and west Indonesia
- Andi Ilham, STMPPM

Mapping of supporting factors and impediments in the implementation of research result by industry Not in English - Hari Agung Yuniarto, ST

Technical Session III:
Industrial development based on technological innovations

Improvement of product quality by industry, R&D institution and university, which can be adopted by industry Not in English - Prof. E.Gumbira Said, Dwi Lestari Rahayu, IPB

Technological capability of Indonesian automotive components industry: Technological learning process in the case of automotive components in Indonesia Not in English - Yan Rianto, et. Al, LIPI

Indonesia’s technology diffusion/innovation model Not in English-Atang Sulaeman, BPPT

The role of P3TIP BPPT in supporting innovation of product development of rubber floating hose in a West Java PT Agronesia Not in English - Efendi Harahap, et al, BPPT

Development of wood vessel building system and its impact on supporting industry growth Not in English-Ahmad Basuki Widodo dan Edy Andarta, PT. Pal, Indonesia Analysis of partnership pattern in building national automotive component industry competitiveness Not in English - Dra. Habsari Kuspurwahati, MA dan Pranoto Effendi, BPPT

Transfer of technology to and its diffusion in small and medium industry clusters in Indonesia: Some recent findings from a literature study and a field study in metal industry cluster in Tegal - Dr. Tulus Tambunan, Universitas Trisakti

Development of Spin-off Company based on technology from R&D institution Not in English-
Manaek Simamora, Pusat Inovasi, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Recommendations Arising out of the Technical Sessions
(a)Issues to be addressed in the short-term:

  • The notion of ‘start and end with the market’ needs to be considered selectively to the formulated activities of the National Research Agenda;
  • Attention and necessary funding requirement needs to be met in order to stimulate ‘reverse engineering’ and other forms of S&T activities.

(b)Issues to be addressed in the medium- and long-term:
Policy level:

  • To capitalize academic community and to encourage innovation in industry
  • Research policy has to be in-line with innovation policy so as to generate economically and valuable creation by capitalizing on the academic community and research institutes
  • Capital investment policy needs to be in-line with technology investment policy by stimulating increasing participation of industry in innovation through R&D activities.

Interaction among the elements level:
Mechanism which enhance interaction amongst the four spiral components, i.e. Government, universities, research institutes, and industry:

  • Interaction amongst universities and R&D institutions shall be directed for the mastery of science and technology through R&D, and enhancement of the level of expertise through universities
  • Interaction among universities and firms to increase the supply of experts and skilled human resources for industry and industry support in funding the education of expertise in the universities.
  • Interaction among R&D institutions and firms for enhancing technical-business ability by utilization of knowledge resulted from R &D activities, mastering knowledge through R&D institution by industry participation
  • Interconnection amongst the Government – Industry/Firm- R&D Institution – University to create institutional network which enhance implementation of effective policy, R&D productivity, quality of university, efficient industry as an integrated system.

Support instrument level

  • To create infrastructure and support mechanism instruments and rules of the game which reinforce each other among the four components (Government, university, research institutes, and firms).
  • Instrument for R&D institutes-university interaction, creating joint Ph.D. program (research institute-university). This Ph.D. level research involving expertise from university and Ph. D. level program in university utilizing research infrastructure in R&D institution.
  • Instrument for university-firms interaction, establishing programs to push the supply of experts through increasing the number of Ph.D. level degree holders required by firms
  • Instruments for R&D institutes-firms interaction, creating enhancement of knowledge mastery by sabbatical research activities. Researchers from R&D institutes take sabbatical leave working in firms and young researchers from industry take sabbatical leave working in R&D institutes.
  • Instrument for Government-firms-research institutes-universities functional interconnection, creating support in the area of administrative, financial and fiscal from Government to stimulate the functioning of institutional network that accelerate R&D productivity, improve quality of university, and improve business efficiency as an integrated system