Asia-Pacific National Innovation Systems
Online Resource Centre

Promotion of NIS - Iran


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Date and Venue
20-21 June 2006, Asre-Enghelab Research Center, Tehran, Iran

Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT)
Research Institute for Technological Development Studies (RITDS)
Iranian Research Organization for Science & Technology (IROST)
Ministry of Science, Research & Technology, Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Hosted by:

Chamber of Commerce of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Brief Profile of Participants
3 international experts
200 participants from NIS stakeholders

Addresses Delivered during the Inaugural Session
President, Iranian Research Organization for Science & Technology
Director, Research Institute for Technological Development Studies

Keynote and Guest Speeches by International Experts
Keynote Address
Mr. Khamoshi, Chairman, Chamber of Commerce of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Introduction to the Workshop
Mr. N. Srinivasan, In-Charge, Innovation Management, APCTT

About 200 participants attended the workshop that was organized from 20 to 21 June 2006 in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. Five resource persons presented papers on various topics of NIS, including concepts and elements of a policy framework, sub-national innovation system, governance of innovation systems, NIS practices in the Republic of Korea and policies for hi-tech start-up promotion. The presentations of the findings of the recently concluded UNCTAD Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Review of the Islamic Republic of Iran provided fertile material for brainstorming at the group discussions. Three groups – government, academia and research institutes, and private sector – were formed, each having representatives of NIS major key actors – government, academia and research institutes, and industries. Each group deliberated on existing policies and support mechanisms, identified missing linkages and recommended major action points in strengthening NIS in the Islamic Republic of Iran. While the basic concept of NIS was known to many participants of the workshop, the workshop enhanced their awareness regarding policy frameworks through sharing best practices of other countries and the presentations made by the resource persons. The workshop produced a set of recommendations that could lead towards certain actions by the APCTT national focal point.

Details of the Technical Sessions

Technical Session I
NIS Practices in Member Countries

NIS Policy Framework: Concept, Elements, Development and Implementation
Mr. Se-Jun Yoon, Director, APCTT

Sub-national Innovation System for Strengthening the Competitiveness of S&T at the Provincial Level
Mr. Pill-Hwan Park, NRL Expert, Investment and Enterprise Development Section, Trade and Investment Division, ESCAP
Promoting and Nurturing Hi-Tech Start-ups with a Focus on Practical Experiences from India Deepak Agarwal, Director General, Consultancy Development Centre, New Delhi, India

NIS Practices in Korea
Mr. Se-Jun Yoon, Director, APCTT

Innovation Support Systems – the Indian Experience
Mr. Kuldip Rai, Scientist ‘F’, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India

Group Discussions

  • Government
  • Academia and Research Institutes
  • Private

Recommendations Arising Out of the Technical Sessions
(a) Recommendations for the Government:

  • Set vision, science and technology strategies and priorities (establish an independent S&T plan).
  • Develop innovation infrastructures such as technology parks, technology incubators, etc.
  • Re-engineer and restructure the role of government in supporting S&T development for e.g. facilitate privatization.
  • Facilitate inter-ministerial R&D activity links and cooperation.
  • Promote university–industry links through establishing technology intermediary institutions for e.g. science and technology parks, etc.
  • Focus on S&T investment incentives and deregulation.
  • Establish S&T information systems such as Techno-marts, IP-marts, etc.
  • Make policies towards promoting venture capital.
  • Support and facilitate technopreneurship.
  • Regard globalization and penetration to the world market.
  • Develop institutional innovation (social/cultural innovation).
  • Support innovation commercialization.

(b) Recommendations for Academia and Research Institutes:

  • Create financial and non-financial incentives for commercialized research accompanied with a new commercialization-based evaluation system.
  • Establish patent and IPR offices in academic and research centres.
  • Focus on specific technology fields especially local priorities and competencies, when developing research strategies.
  • Define research and development projects via interlinked teams from the industry sector and research centres.
  • Establish specialized firms for market evaluation and deal with legal issues of research projects.
  • Create incentives for innovating firms who collaborate with research institutes and academic centres.
  • Improve project evaluation processes in order to make them less time consuming and more market demand oriented.
  • Re-design the education system to foster innovation culture and entrepreneurship.
  • Create integrated networks among different research institutes and academic centres, to avoid duplicate research and to benefit from shared resources.
  • Establish project evaluation, reviewing and monitoring committees.

(c) Recommendations for the Private Group:

  • Organize workshops and improve communication skills to have a common language and development.
  • Analyze previous implementation.
  • Understand the future.
  • The Chamber of Commerce shall be the focal point for relationships and contacts for the public and private sectors.
  • Build a comprehensive incentive management system for encouraging innovation in the private sector.
  • Create portals for all the actors (innovators, VC, manufacturers, governmental agencies).
  • Create a database for ideas and technologies.
  • Duplicate successful models (Yazd Tech Park)
  • Centre for Technology Transfer, Commercialization and IP Assessments.
  • Incremental innovations in SMEs.
  • Education system for training specialists.