Asia-Pacific National Innovation Systems
Online Resource Centre

Promotion of NIS - Philippines


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Date and Venue
9-10 March 2006,C.P. Garcia Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines

Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT), New Delhi, India
Department of Science and Technology (DOST), Philippines
Philippine Council for Industry and Energy Research and Development (PCIERD)

Brief Profile of Participants
2 international experts
5 national experts
More than 150 participants from NIS Stakeholders

Addresses Delivered during the Inaugural Session
Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Government of the Philippines
Secretary, Department of Trade and Industry, Government of the Philippines
Director, Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT)

This national workshop was attended by more than 150 senior policy makers from various departments and agencies of the Government of the Philippines, public R&D institutions, private industries and academia. After the Inaugural Session, an exhibition of innovations, provided by various R&D institutions of the department of S&T, was inaugurated for the participants of the workshop and the general public. National stakeholders of NIS shared their views and experiences in the area of industry and energy innovations, the special theme of the workshop. Participants, representing the NIS key-actors (government policy makers, R&D, academia and private sectors), were divided into three groups – Government, Academia and Private and held parallel group discussions on the following identified issues/topics:

  • Government: Identification and promotion of national strategic R&D, and creation of a sound S&T infrastructure;
  • Academia: Creation of linkages between R&D institutions, academia and industry, and commercialization of R&D results;
  • Private: Promotion of venture business and establishment of business parks and business clusters.

As the concept of NIS was relatively new to most participants, the workshop enhanced awareness and relevance of NIS. The workshop was able to develop a set of recommendations that may lead to certain actions to be initiated by the APCTT focal point.

Keynote and Guest Speeches by International Experts
Opening Address
Mr. Graciano P. Yumul, Undersecretary for R&D, DOST, Government of the Philippines

Message from
Hon. Peter Favila, Secretary, Department of Trade and Industry, Government of the Philippines

Keynote Address
Hon. Estrella F. Alabastro, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology, Government of the Philippines

Introduction to the National Innovation Forum
Assistant Secretary Ma. Lourdes Orijola, Department of Science and Technology (DOST), Philippines

National Innovation Systems (NIS): Concept, Element, Development and Implementation
Mr. Se-Jun Yoon, Director, Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT)

Details of the Technical Sessions
Technical Session I
NIS Practices in Member Countries
National Innovation Systems, Policy Framework and Programs of Korea
Dr. Young-Chol Kang, Director, Overall Planning Division Office of S&T Innovation, Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Government of Korea
Case Studies on Technology Innovation for the Energy and the Environment
Tomas C. Maramba, Bechtel Corporation
Case Studies on Technology Innovation for Industry Philippines
Peter Lee U, PhD, University of Asia and the Pacific
Case Studies on Institutional Flexibility: National Innovation and Matching University Education Programmes
Dr. Bee Ching Ong, De La Salle University
National Innovation System for the Energy Sector in the Philippines
Hon. Raphael P.M. Lotilla, Secretary, Department of Energy (DOE)

Technical Session II
NIS Policy Framework and Programs for the Philippines
National Innovation Systems, Policy Framework and Programs for the Philippines: Issues Identification
Prof. Fortunato T. Dela Peña, Undersecretary for S&T Services, DOST

Introduction to the Workshop: Expected Output and Mechanics
Mr. N. Srinivasan, Innovation Management, United Nations Asian and Pacific Centre for Transfer of Technology (APCTT)

Group Discussions

  • Government
  • Academia
  • Private

Recommendations Arising out of the Technical Sessions and Group discussions
(a)Recommendations from the Government Group:

  • Enhance the advocacy of the National Science Training Program through: the centralization of the information (through a website), the dissemination of the results for the agencies conducting R&D, the regular review and consultation with the stakeholders and the showcase of particular technologies from R&D to commercialization.
  • Strengthen the R&D culture promoting a long term notion of R&D, enlightening legislators, local governments, NGOs and others on Science and Technology (S&T)..
  • Need to have a voice in Congress (representation/champion) in order to obtain adequate resources to be devoted to R&D activities. Plus outsource and/or fund generation..
  • Need for retention, re-education and incentive schemes for R&D personnel through strengthening of technical/vocational education, provision of attractive incentives and recognition to skilled and specialized R&D workers, implementation and promotion of S&T human resource development programs..
  • Update the S&T infrastructure inventory, identify the goals to be achieved at various levels (city, regional, provincial), periodically review the progresses and identify the weaknesses..
  • Strengthen and expand the existing linkages and networks by promoting private sector/non-government organizations participations; by encouraging collaborations between the government and the private sector in R&D projects; searching for venture partner countries; creating communication schemes/tapping media and by providing public incentives..
  • Increase marketing effort of ideas from the identification stage..

(b)Recommendations for the Academic Group:

  • Establish a clear policy on the collaboration among Academia, R&D institutions (RDI) and industry through the creation of an Ad-hoc Committee to initiate policy development..
  • Strengthen the linkages between Academia, RDI and industry through consultative dialogue and Science and Technology promotion..
  • Harmonize IPR regime..
  • Increase the funding for R&D through outsourcing from the private sector and international funding institutions; promoting available R&D funding and lobbying initiatives to convince and secure commitments for R&D funds from executives and legislatives officials..
  • Increase the accessibility of R&D outputs by maintaining a centralized database system (one-stop-shop)..
  • Review past and current S&T initiatives (policies and R&D activities).

(c)Recommendations for the Private Group:

  • Increase awareness/promotion of downstream DOST assistance (e.g. TAPI, TECHNICOM) to avoid confusion over the mechanism for invention validation..
  • Establish acceptable mechanism for validation/assessment of inventions to reassure inventors about the security of their patents..
  • Develop a clear system for training programs and use mature technologies for effective implementation/dissemination in order to speed up the process of requesting assistance for patenting/piloting;.
  • Lay down policies on the commercialization of new technologies and provide incentives in order to strengthen the linkages between venture capitalists/lenders and entrepreneurs..
  • Carry out survey plus document and provide access to information on sources of venture capital in the Philippines.
  • Promote multi-sectoral consultative dialogue on sources of finance, incentives, performance indicators, and formalize a system for technology risk analysis and technology risk mitigation, in order to make the local environment more conducive for venture financing activities..
  • Promote awareness of incubator systems/facilities and set up new facilities in strategic areas in order to effectively encourage the use of business parks/incubators..
  • Review the programmes and performances of the existing incubators/ industrial parks to understand why the utilization of those facilities has declined thru the years (UPD and UPLB industrial parks)..
  • Endorse the 5 priority areas identified by the DOST (biotechnology, ICT, environment, pharmaceuticals, basic research)..
  • Work out details or priority programs per area.